Introduction to the Museum

The origin of Ttukseom and the Water Works Museum

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The general regions of the current Ttukseom refers to the areas that include Sungsu-dong in Sungdong-bu, Jayang-dong and Noyou-dong in Gwangjin-dong in Seoul, and it was referred to by various names in the past including Ttukdo, Salgotyibeol, Jeongwan, Jeongyo and Donggyo, and is written in Chinese as Dokdo (纛島).

The origin of the name of this location originated from the fact that it was the hunting ground used by the Kings of Joseon Dynasty, beginning with its founder, Taejo Lee, Sung Gye. It is recorded that kings from King Taejo to King Sungjong over the period of approximately 100 years personally visited this site 151 times for hunting. When kings visited the area, the flag that symbolized the presence of the king, the Dokgi (纛旗 ? large flag decorated with the tails of cows or tail feathers of pheasant) was flown in the surrounding area.

Although this general region is not exactly an island, Han River from the eastern aspect flows around the region and exits towards the western aspect, and the Jungrangcheon that flows in from the north meets the main stream of Han River on the western aspect of Ttukseom. Therefore, it was referred to as the Ttukseom (Ttuk Island) because it appeared to be an island surrounded by Han River and Jungrangcheon. Therefore, it was called the Dokgo, meaning an island on which Dokgi was flown, to ‘Ttukseom’.

Water Purification Plant No. 1 at Ttukdo Water Reservoir (currently the Ttukdo Arisu Water Purification Center and Water Works Museum), the very first water purification plant in Korea, was constructed in the region of Ttukseom in order to take in clear and clean water from the Ttukseom regions with God given natural environment with abundant flow of water but minimal pollution by avoiding the Cheonggyecheon and Jungrangcheon in the central portion of Seoul into which daily life sewage flew in. In addition, procurement of raw materials for operation of steam turbine used to operate water pump was much easier and convenient in the Ttukseom region, which has trading center for charcoal and fire wood since the latter part of the Joseon Dynasty era.

Currently, portion of the Ttukdo Water Purification Plant, which is the first water purification plant in Korea, has been converted into Ttukdo Arisu Water Purification Center and is supplying daily average of 400,000m3 of purified water to more than 1.16 million residents of Seoul with facility with total daily capacity of 750,000m3, and portion has been turned into Water Works Museum to be utilized as venue of experience learning.


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